Publications on Pipejacking Research

The state-of-the-art review by Dr George Milligan on "Lubrication and Soil Conditioning in Tunnelling, Pipe Jacking and Microtunnelling" (47 pages) is available for download in pdf format here (2.1Mb).  


D.Phil. Theses

  • Ripley, K.J. (1989) "The performance of jacked pipes.", D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Abstract | thesis (11.3MB, pdf)
  • Norris, P. (1992) "The behaviour of jacked concrete pipes during site installation.", D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Abstract | thesis (17MB, pdf)
  • Zhou, Jian Qing (1998) "Numerical analysis and laboratory test of concrete jacking pipes", D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Abstract | thesis (48.9MB pdf)
  • Marshall, M.A. (1999) "Pipe-Jacked Tunnelling: Jacking Loads and Ground Movements", D.Phil. thesis, University of Oxford.
  • Abstract | thesis (7.37MB pdf)
  • Psomas, S (2001) M.Sc. "Properties of Foam/Sand Mixtures for Tunnelling Applications"
  • abstractthesis (1.64MB pdf)

Report on Testing of Microtunnelling Pipes

  • Holt, C.C., Milligan, G.W.E. and Burd, H.J. (1997) "Prototype testing of improved microtunnelling pipes". OUEL Report No. 2151/97, Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford. report as pdf (1.11Mb)

Collected Papers

These papers are available for download in pdf format here (15.2MB).

  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Ripley, K.J. (1989) "Packing materials in jacked pipe joints". Proc. 4th. Int. Conf. on Trenchless Construction, No-Dig '89, London.
  • Norris, P. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1991) "Field instrumentation for monitoring the performance of jacked concrete pipes." FMGM 91, Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. on Field Measurements in Geomechanics. Oslo.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. (1991) "Concrete jacking pipes, the Oxford research project."
  • Norris, P. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1992) "Pipe end load transfer mechanisms during pipe jacking." Proc. Int. Conf. On Trenchless Construction. No-Dig 92. Paris.
  • Norris, P. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1992) "Frictional resistance of jacked concrete pipes at full scale." Proc. Int. Conf. On Trenchless Construction. No-Dig 92. Paris.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. (1993) "Oxford research in pipe jacking - research gathers pace." Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. on Pipe Jacking and Microtunnelling. Pipe Jacking Association. London.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. (1993) "Pipe jacking research." World Tunnelling. Vol.6, No.8. pp 343-346.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. (1994) "Tunnels of small diameter using the pipe jacking technique". Spec. Lect. 3. Proc. 3rd Brazilian Symp. on Underground Excavations. Brasilia, pp 25-40.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Marshall, M.A. (1995) "Ground movements due to construction of pipejacked tunnels". Proc. 11th Eur. Conf. on Soil Mech. and Foundn. Engng.. Copenhagen. Vol.3. pp 191-200.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. (1996) "Site based research in pipe jacking - objectives, procedures and a case history". Trenchless Technology Research, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology. Vol. 11. Supplement 1.\
  • Marshall, M.A. and Milligan, G.W.E. (1996) "A case study of an instrumented microtunnel in fine sand". Proc. Int. Conf. on Trenchless Construction. No Dig 96, New Orleans. April 1996.
  • Marshall, M.A., Milligan, G.W.E. and Mair, R.J. (1996) "Movements and stress changes in London Clay due to the construction of a pipe jack". Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground. R.J. Mair and R.N. Taylor. Eds. Proc. Of Int. Symp., pp 7199-724. Balkema. Rotterdam.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Marshall, M.A. (1998) "The functions and effects of lubrication in pipe jacking". Tunnels and Metropolises, Arsenio Negro and Argimiro Alvarez Ferreira, Eds., Proc. of the World Tunnel Congress, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Vol.2, pp.739-744. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. (1998) "Site control of pipe jack alignments". Tunnels and Metropolises, Arsenio Negro and Argimiro Alvarez Ferreira, Eds., Proc. of the World Tunnel Congress, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Vol.2, pp745-750.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Marshall, M.A. (1998(b) "The influence of lubrication on jacking loads from six monitored pipe jacks". No Dig 98, Proc. Int. Conf. on Trenchless Technology, Lausanne. Switzerland.
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. "Pipe soil interaction during pipe jacking". Geotechnical Engineering, proceedings I.C.E. In press.

Oxford University and PJA Reports

The following reports are available:

  • Norris, P. (1992) "Instrument design, manufacture and calibration for use in monitoring the field performance of jacked concrete pipes." OUEL Report No. 1919/92. Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford. report as pdf (49.3MB)
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. (1993) "The performance of concrete jacking pipes during installation." OUEL Report No. 1986/93. Department of Engineering Science. University of Oxford. report as pdf (1.17MB)
  • Milligan, G.W.E. and Norris, P. (1994) "Pipe jacking: Research Results and Recommendations". Pipe Jacking Association. London. report as pdf (16.7MB)