Publications

2010

  1. Marshall, S.P., Stone, R., Heghes, C., Davies, T.J. and Cracknell, R.F. (2010), "High Pressure Laminar Burning Velocity Measurements and Modelling of Methane and n-Butane", Combustion Theory and Modelling 14(4) pp519-540

2008

  1. Wang, X. and Stone, C.R. (2008), "A study of combustion, instantaneous heat transfer, and emissions in a spark ignition engine during warm-up", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, Vol. 222 No. 4 pp607-618
  2. Williams, B., Ewart, P., Stone, R., Ma, H., Walmsley, H., Cracknell, R., Stevens, R., Richardson, D., Qiao, J. and Wallace, S. (2008), "Multi-component Quantitative PLIF: Robust Engineering and Measurements of Cyclic Variation in a Firing Spray-guided Gasoline Direct Injection Engine, SAE Paper No. 2008-01-1073
  3. Wang, X., Price, P.D., Stone, C.R. and Richardson, D. (2008), "Burn Rate and Instantaneous Heat Flux Study of Iso-Octane, Toluene and Gasoline in a Spray-Guided Direct-Injection Spark-Ignition Engine", SAE Paper No. 2008-01-0469
  4. Chuepeng, S., Xu, H., Tsolakis, A., Wyszynski, M., Price, P.D., Stone, R., Hartland, J. and Qiao J. (2008), "Particulate Emissions from a Common Rail Fuel Injection Diesel Engine with RME-based Biodiesel Blended Fuelling Using Thermo-gravimetric Analysis", SAE Paper No. 2008-01-0074

2007

  1. Ma, H., Marshall, S., Stevens, R. and Stone, R. (2007), "Full-bore crank-angle resolved imaging of combustion in a four-stroke gasoline direct injection engine", Proc. IMechE Part D : J. Automobile Engineering Vol 221 No. 10 pp1305-1320
  2. Saeed, K. and Stone, R. (2007), "Laminar burning velocities of propene–air mixtures at elevated temperatures and pressures", Journal of the Energy Institute Vol. 80 pp 73-82
  3. Wang, X., Price, P., Stone, C.R. and Richardson, D. (2007), "Heat release and heat flux in a spray-guided direct-injection gasoline engine", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, Vol. 221 No. 11 pp1441-1452
  4. Price, P., Stone, R., Misztal, J., Xu, H., Wyszynski, M., Wilson, T. and Qiao, J. (2007), "Particulate Emissions from a Gasoline Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engine, SAE Paper No. 2007-01-0209
  5. Williams, B., Wang, X., Ewart, P., Stone, R., Ma, H., Walmsley, H., Cracknell, R., Stevens, R., Wallace, S. and Richardson, D. (2007), "Full bore of combustion and quantitative AFR PLIF with a multi-component fuel and co-evaporating tracers", Internal Combustion Engines: Performance, Fuel Economy and Emissions, IMechE Conference, 11-12 December 2007, London
  6. Stevens, R.E., Ma, H., Stone, C.R., Walmsley, H.L. and Cracknell, R. (2007), "On planar laser-induced fluorescence with multi-component fuel and tracer design for quantitative determination of fuel concentration in internal combustion engines", Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, Vol. 221 No. 6 pp713-724

2006

  1. Wang, X., Stone, R., Stevens, R., Arita, Y. and Buttsworth, D. (2006), "Finite Element Analysis of Eroding Type Surface Thermocouple with Application to Engine Heat Flux Measurement", SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1045
  2. Price, P., Twiney, B., Stone, R., Kar, K. and Walmsley, H. (2006), "Particulate and Hydrocarbon Emissions from a Spray Guided Direct Injection Spark Ignition Engine with Oxygenate Fuel Blends", SAE Paper No. 2007-01-0472
  3. Kar, K., Swain, A., Raine, R., Roberts, S., and Stone, R. (2006). "Cycle-by-cycle variations in exhaust temperatures using thermocouple compensation techniques". SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1197. Also in SP-2015 Combustion and Flow Diagnostics and Fundamental Advances in Thermal Fluid Sciences
  4. Stevens, R., Ma, H., Stone C. R., Walmsley H. and Cracknell R. (2006) "On Planar Laser-Induced Fluorescence with Multi-Component Fuel and Tracer Design for Quantitative Determination of Fuel Concentration in IC Engines", Proc. IMechE, Vol. 220, Part D: J. Automobile Engineering
  5. Ma, H., Stevens, R. and C. R. Stone. (2006) "In-Cylinder Temperature Estimation from an Optical Spray-Guided DISI Engine with Color-Ratio Pyrometry (CRP)", SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1198
  6. Ma, H., Kar, K., Stone, C. R., Raine, R. R. and Thorwarth, H. (2006) "Analysis of Combustion in a Small Homogeneous Charge Compression Assisted Ignition Engine", International Journal of Engine Research, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp237-253
  7. R Raine, K Kar, L Hanson and R Stone (2006) "Gasoline Direct Injection Engine Combustion and Emissions Measurements and Modelling", International Journal of Engine Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp17-28
  8. Price, P., Stone, R., Collier, T.R. and Davies, M.T. (2006), "Dynamic Particulate Measurements from a DISI Vehicle: A Comparison of DMS500, ELPI, CPC and PASS", SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1077
  9. Price, P., Stone, R., Collier, T.R. and Davies, M.T. (2006), "Particulate Matter and Hydrocarbon Emissions Measurements: Comparing First and Second Generation DISI with PFI in Single Cylinder Optical Engines", SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1263

2004

  1. K Saeed and C R Stone, "The Modelling of Premixed Laminar Combustion in a Closed Vessel", Combustion Theory and Modelling Vol.8, No. 4, pp721-743, 2004
  2. K Saeed and C R Stone, "Measurements of the Laminar Burning Velocity for Mixtures of Methanol and Air from a Constant Volume Vessel Using a Multizone Model", Combustion and Flame, Vol.139, Issues 1-2, pp152-166, 2004
  3. Kar, K., Roberts, S., Stone, R., and French, B. (2004) "Measurement of fluctuating temperatures using thermocouple compensation techniques" The 30th International Symposium on Combustion, Chicago, July 2004
  4. R Stone and J K Ball, "Automotive Engineering Fundamentals", SAE 2004
  5. Kenneth Kar, Stephen Roberts, Richard Stone, Martin Oldfield and Boyd French, "Instantaneous Exhaust Temperature Measurements Using Thermocouple Compensation Techniques", SAE Paper 2004-01-1418, Also in SP-1831 Combustion and Flow Diagnostics, and selected for SAE Transactions, 2004
  6. Lukasz P. Wyszynski, Robert Aboagye, Richard Stone and Gautam Kalghatgi, "Combustion Imaging and Analysis in a Gasoline Direct Injection Engine", SAE Paper 2004-01-0045, Also in SP-1832 Direct Injection SI Technology, and selected for SAE Transactions, 2004
  7. Michael Campbell, Lukasz P. Wyszynski, Richard Stone, "Combustion of LPG in a Spark-Ignition Engine" SAE paper 2004-01-0974, Also in SP-1828 New Spark Ignition Engine Design , and Spark Ignition Engine Combusiton, 2004

2003

  1. R Stone, "Competing Technologies for Transportation", Ch 11, p11-1 - 11-29 Fuel Cell Technology Handbook, ed. G Hoogers, CRC Press, Florida, 2003

2002

  1. C R Stone, L P Wyszynski, and Robert R Raine "Prediction of NO emissions from Stratified Charge Spark-Ignition Engines", SAE Paper 2002-01-1139, 2002
  2. Lukasz P Wyszynski and C Richard Stone and Gautam T Kalghatgi, "The Volumetric Efficiency of Direct and Port Injection Gasoline Engines with Different Fuels", SAE Paper 2002-01-0839, 2002
  3. R Stone, A Knight and J Ball, "Vauxhall 14-40 – an 80th Year Review of its Technology", SAE Paper 2002-01-0452, 2002
  4. A J Grant, P Ewart and C R Stone, "Detection of NO in a Spark-Ignition Research Engine Using Degenerate Four-Wave Mixing", Appl. Phys. B vol 74 pp 105-110, 2002
  5. R R Raine, L Wyszynski, and R Stone, "Modelling of NO Emissions from Homogeneous and Stratified Charge Spark Ignition Engines", Proc IMechE. Vol. 216 Part D, pp 403-412, 2002

2001

  1. S Simonini, S J Elston, and R Stone, R, "A Three Colour Method for the Determination of Soot Temperature and Concentration Using a Colour CCD Camera", Proc IMechE. Vol 215 Pt C pp 1041-1052, 2001
  2. P Ewart, R B Williams, E P Lim and C R Stone, "Comparison of In-Cylinder CARS Temperature Measurements with Predictions from an Engine Simulation", Int Jnl Engine Research Vol 2 No 2 pp149-162, 2001
  3. D.J. Oude Nijeweme, J Kok, C R Stone, L Wyszynski, "Unsteady In-Cylinder Heat Transfer in a Spark Ignition Engine: Experiments and Modelling", Proc IMechE. Vol 215 Pt D pp 747-760, 2001
  4. C Hudson , Gao Xiaofeng and R Stone, , "Comparison of Audible and Digital Techniques for the Determination of Gasoline Octane Rating in Production Engines" Proc IMechE. Vol 215 Pt D pp 419-430, 2001
  5. J K Ball, M J Bowe, C R Stone, and Collings N., "Validation of a Cyclic NO Formation Model with Fast NO Measurements", SAE Paper 2001-01-1010,, and SAE Transactions – Journal of Fuels&Lubricants vol 110. 2001

2000

  1. Gao Xiaofeng, C Hudson, and R Stone, "Knock Measurement for Fuel Evaluation in Spark Ignition Engines", Fuel, Vol 80 No. 3 pp395-408, 2000
  2. C R Stone, E P Lim, P Ewart, G Lloyd, and R B Williams, "Temperature and Heat Flux Measurements in a Spark Ignition Engine", SAE Congress 2000, Paper 2000-01-1214, Also in SP1517, ‘SI Combustion’, and SAE Transactions vol 109. 2000
  3. J K Ball, M J Bowe, C R Stone, P D McFadden, "Torque Estimation and Misfire Detection Using Block Angular Acceleration", SAE Congress 2000. Paper 2000-01-0560, Also in SP1511, ‘Modelling of SI Engines’, and SAE Transactions vol 109. 2000.
  4. J K Ball, R R Raine and C R Stone, "A Technique for Estimating the Completeness of Combustion and its Use in Modelling Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Combustion", SAE Congress 2000, Paper 2000-01-0953, Also in SP1511, ‘Modelling of SI Engines’, and SAE Transactions vol 109. 2000
  5. N Pashley, R Stone, and G Roberts, "Ignition System Measurements Techniques and Correlations for Breakdown and Arc Voltages and Currents", SAE Congress 2000, Paper 2000-01-00245, Also in SP1529, "Combustion Flow Diagnostics and In-Cylinder Velocity Measurements"

1999

  1. A Spencer, R Stone, E P Lim and S Simonini, "Combustion Performance of Methane, Iso-octane, Toluene and Methanol in a Spark Ignition Engine", Jnl Inst Energy Dec 1999, Vol 72, pp 157-164
  2. Richard Stone, "Introduction to Internal Combustion Engines", 3rd Ed. (659 pages) Macmillan 1999
  3. C Evans and R Stone, "Adaptation of ADVISOR for Dual Hybrid Vehicle Modelling", Paper C575-01, Integrated Power Systems for a Better Environment, AUTOTECH 1999, Professional Engineering Publications
  4. J K Ball, C R Stone and N Collings. "Cycle-by-Cycle Modelling of NO Formation and Comparison with Experimental Data", Proc IMechE Part D, Vol 213D J Automotive Engineering, pp 175-189, London, 1999

1998

  1. J Ball, R Raine and R Stone,"Combustion Analysis and Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Spark Ignition Engine Combustion, Part II: A New Parameter for Completeness of Combustion and it Use in Modelling Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Combustion", Proc IMechE Part D Vol 212 Pt D6 pp 507-524, J Automotive Engineering, London, 1998
  2. J Ball, R Raine and R Stone, "Combustion Analysis and Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Spark Ignition Engine Combustion, Part I: An Evaluation of Combustion Analysis Routines by Reference to Model Data", Accepted Proc IMechE Part D, Vol 212 Pt D5 pp 381-399, J Automotive Engineering, London, 1998
  3. N Pashley and R Stone, "Predictions of Liquid Fuel Injector Performance with Gaseous Fuels", Proc IMechE Part D Vol 212 Pt D4 pp 311-317, J Automotive Engineering, London, 1998
  4. R Stone and P Ewart, "Combustion Measurements and Modelling in the Rover K4 Engine", UK-Korea Joint Seminar on Internal Combustion Engines, Seoul 9 & 10 Nov 1998, pp 79-103, Seoul, 1998
  5. R Stone, A Clarke and P Beckwith, "Correlations for the Laminar Burning Velocity of Methane/Diluent/Air Mixtures Obtained in Free-Fall Experiments", Combustion & Flame, vol 114, no3/4 pp 546-555, 1998
  6. Richard Stone, "Introduction to Part II (Spark Ignition Engines) and the Role of Engines with Optical Access Handbook of Air Pollution From Internal Combustion Engines" - Pollutant Formation and Control Ed by Prof E Sher, Academic Press, New York, 1998

1997

  1. C Arcoumanis, J Nouri, H M Xu and R Stone, 'Analysis of the Steady Flow Characteristics of Tumble-Generating Four-Valve Cylinder Heads' Optical Diagnostics in Engineering, Vol 2 Pt 2 http://www.ode-web.demon.co.uk
  2. Richard Stone, Jeff Ball, Alex Hatchman, Richard McCord, Nick Pashley, Robert Raine and Richard Williams, "Combustion Analysis in the Rover K4 Optical Engine", Paper LO7/C524-33 AUTOTECH '97, NEC Bimingham. IMechE Seminar Proceedings, ISBN 1 86058 1145, 1997

1996

  1. C R Stone, K J S Mendis, and M Daragheh, "Measurements and Modelling of a Lean Burn Gas Engine". Proc. I Mech E Vol 210 Part A6, pp 449-462, London, 1996
  2. K J S Mendis, C R Stone, N Ladommatos and M Darageh. "A Lean Burn Low Emissions Gas Engine for Co-Generation". Proc. I Mech E Vol 210 Part A3, pp 203-211, London, 1996
  3. C R Stone, A G Brown and P Beckwith. "Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Spark Ignition Engine Combustion, Part II Modelling of Flame Kernel Displacement as a Cause of Cycle-by-Cycle Variations". SAE Paper 960613, and in Advances in Engine Combustion and Flow Diagnostics (SP-1157), 1996
  4. A G Brown, C R Stone and P Beckwith. "Cycle-by-Cycle Variations in Spark Ignition Engine Combustion, Part I Flame Speed and Combustion Measurements, and a Simplified Turbulent Combustion Model", SAE Paper 960612, and in Advances in Engine Combustion and Flow Diagnostics (SP-1157), 1996

1995

  1. H Leonard, R Stone, and C Donaldson, "Wear Characteristics of a Roller Follower Variable Valve Timing System". SAE Off-Highway Congress, Milwaukee, SAE Paper 952100, 1995
  2. R Stone, H J Leonard, C Elliott, M Newman, S J Charlton, N Johnston. "Design and Performance of a Variable Valve Timing System on a Highly Turbocharged Diesel Engine - Experimental and Predicted Results" Proc I Mech E Part A Vol 209 Part A4 pp 297-312, 1995
  3. A Clarke, R Stone and P Beckwith, "The Measurement of the Laminar Burning Velocity of Methane/Diluent/Air Mixtures in a Constant Volume Combustion Bomb in a Micro-gravity Environment", J of Inst Energy Vol 68 pp 130-136, Sept 1995
  4. R R Raine, C R Stone and J Gould, "Modelling of Nitric Oxide Formation in Spark Ignition Engines with a Multi-zone Burned Gas". Combustion and Flame 102:241-255, 1995
  5. C Elliott, M Newman, R Stone, H J Leonard, and S J Charlton "Design and Operation of a Variable Valve Timing System on a Highly Rated Marine Diesel Engine", J Nav Eng, 35 (3), 1995

1994

  1. Richard Stone, Sean Mendis and Nicos Ladommatos. "Energy Balance in a Natural Gas Fuelled Spark Ignition Engine - Measurements and Modelling". Int. Conf. Combined Heat and Power, pp 183-194, I Mech E Conference Proceedings, London, 1994
  2. C R Stone and S D Wright. "Non-Linear and Unsteady Flow Analysis of Flow in a Viscous Flowmeter". Trans. Inst. Meas. & Control, Vol 16 No 3 pp 128-142, 1994
  3. C R Stone and H J Leonard, "Determination of the Instantaneous Radius of Curvature of a Cam at the Contact Point with a Flat Follower Moving Orthoganally", Proc I Mech E Part Vol 208 Part J, 1994
  4. D Rose, N Ladommatos and R Stone, "In-Cylinder Mixture Excursions in a Port-Injected Engine During Fast Throttle-Openings", SAE Congress 1994 SAE Paper 940382, also in SP-1029 Electronic Engine Controls, and SAE Transactions Vol 103, 1994